Carroll D. Wright

 

Easton Press Carroll D. Wright books

Report on Indians Taxed and Not Taxed (co-authored with Robert F. Porter) - deluxe edition in slip case - 2015


Carroll D. Wright biography

Carroll Davidson Wright (July 25, 1840 – February 20, 1909) was an American statistician and the first U.S. Commissioner of Labor. He played a significant role in the development of labor statistics and the field of labor economics in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Wright was born in Dunbarton, New Hampshire, and he graduated from Harvard College in 1862. He later served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. After the war, he worked in various government positions, including as a special agent for the United States Department of the Interior.

In 1884, Wright was appointed as the first Commissioner of Labor by President Chester A. Arthur. He served in this capacity until 1905. Wright was instrumental in establishing the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and was a pioneer in collecting and analyzing labor-related data. Under his leadership, the BLS conducted numerous studies on working conditions, wages, and industrial relations.

Carroll D. Wright's work laid the foundation for the systematic collection and analysis of labor statistics in the United States. His efforts helped improve the understanding of labor issues and contributed to the development of labor laws and regulations. Wright's contributions to the field of labor statistics are widely recognized, and his legacy continues to influence labor research and policy today.


Report on Indians Taxed and Not Taxed

The Report on Indians Taxed and Indians Not Taxed in the United States (Except Alaska) is a historical document that was produced as part of the U.S. Census Bureau's efforts to gather information on the Native American population in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. This report was a response to the requirement outlined in the Act of July 4, 1884, which mandated the collection of statistical information on the Indians taxed and Indians not taxed as part of the decennial census. The primary purpose of this report was to provide a detailed account of the Native American population, distinguishing between those living on reservations (where they were often exempt from state and local taxes) and those living outside of reservations (who were subject to taxation). The report aimed to provide insights into the social, economic, and demographic characteristics of Native Americans during that time.

The information collected in the report included details on the number of Indians, their location (whether on or off reservations), tribal affiliations, and various social and economic indicators such as property ownership, education, and employment. The distinction between "Indians taxed" and "Indians not taxed" was significant in understanding the impact of taxation policies on Native American communities and their economic conditions.

These reports were part of broader efforts to document and categorize the diverse population of the United States during the census process. It is important to note that historical documents like these are reflective of the attitudes and policies of their time, and they may not fully capture the complexities and diversity of Native American experiences. Researchers and historians today approach such documents with a critical lens, considering the historical context and the perspectives of the communities involved.




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