George Orwell is the pen name of author Eric Arthur Blair (1903-1950), who was a British author born in Motihari, India, and educated at Eton. George Orwell served with the India Imperial Police in Burma from 1922 to 1927, when he returned to Europe. In poor health, and desperately trying to become a writer, George Orwell lived for several years in poverty, first in Paris and then in London. His first books entitled Down and Out in Paris and London (1933) and Burmese Days (1934) are largely autobiographical. Having become an anti-imperialist while serving in Burma, George Orwell had meanwhile joined the Marxist movement, and from 1936 and 1937 he fought for the Republican cause in the Spanish Civil War. He described his war experiences in his book Homage to Catalonia (1938). In the most significant phase of his writing career, George Orwell's political convictions underwent a profound change. Becoming increasingly anti-Stalinist and anti totalitarian, he developed an overriding concern for the future of individual liberty. His condemnation of a regimented society is expressed in the satire Animal Farm (1945) and Nineteen Eighty Four (1949). These later George Orwell books present a terrifying picture of life in a completely authoritarian society. Among George Orwell's other books are Keep the Aspidistra Flying (1936), Critical Essays (1946), The English People (1947), and Shooting An Elephant (published posthumously in 1950).