Walter E. Disney, born 1901, was an American cartoonist and producer of animated motion-picture cartoons, born in Chicago, and educated at the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts. In 1923 he established, in Hollywood, Calif., the Disney Studio for the production of motion pictures. His first venture in this new enterprise was Alice in Cartoon land, a film which combined the movements of the living actress with those of animated cartoon figures. Disney followed this experiment with Oswald the Rabbit (1926), his first animated cartoon without living actors. In 1928 he began to produce Mickey Mouse and Silly Symphony cartoons in sound. Several of the animal characters created for the Mickey Mouse series, particularly Donald Duck and the dog Pluto, became the subjects of other Disney comedies. In 1937 Disney produced his first full-length animated cartoon film, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. His later films of this type include Pinocchio (1939), Bambi (1942), Cinderella (1950), Peter Pan (1953), and the Lady and the Tramp (1955). Among Disney's other full-length films are Fantasia (1940), an interpretative cartoon of classical music; Treasure Island (1950), an animated cartoon combined with live actors; The Sword and the Rose (1953), 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea (1954), Davy Crockett (1955), and The Absent Minded Professor (1961), live action films; The Living Desert (1953), The African Lion (1955), and Secrets of Life (1956), nature films; and Perri (1957), a live animal fantasy. He began to produce television films in 1954 and created several exhibits at the New York World's Fair of 1964-65. His many honors include Motion Pictures Academy Awards and the U.S. Presidential Medal of Freedom (1964). Disneyland Amusement Park, in Anaheim, Calif., opened in 1955 followed by parks in Florida and Europe.
Cinderella a History
Cinderella is the heroine of a universally told fairy tale. The story centers about a young girl mistreated by her stepmother and stepsisters. Through her fairy godmothers miraculous intervention, Cinderella attends a ball given by the prince of the realm, and for the occasion, her fairy godmother magically a pumpkin into a coach, mice into horses, lizards into footmen, a rat into a coachman, and rags into a glittering gown. Cinderella is warned however, to leave the ball by midnight lest all her fine things revert to their form. Leaving in haste at the stroke of midnight, she loses one of her small glass slippers. The prince, who has fallen in love with Cinderella, instigates a search throughout his realm for the maiden whose foot fits the glass slipper. Eventually he finds and marries Cinderella.
The English version of Cinderella is an adaptation of a story by the French writer Charles Perrault. In the original Cinderella tale the heroine wears a fur slipper (Fr. pantoufle en vair), but the English translator apparently mistook vair for verre ("glass"). The Cinderella story appears in German lore in the 16th century, and is among the fairy tales of the German mythologist Jacob and William Grimm. It is the subject of the opera La Cenerentola by the Italian composer Gioacchino Rossini. The Russian composer Serge Prokofiev wrote the score for a ballet based on the fairy tale.